Founded around 600 B.C. as a Greek settlement, Naples in the 1700s and early 1800s was a successful waterfront city. Technically an independent kingdom, it was well-known for its crowds of working poor, or lazzaroni. "The closer you got to the bay, the more thick their population, and much of their living was done outdoors, often in homes that were bit more than a space," said Carol Helstosky, author of "Pizza: A Global History" and associate professor of history at the University of Denver.
Unlike the rich minority, these Neapolitans needed affordable food that could be taken in rapidly. Pizza-- flatbreads with various toppings, consumed for any meal and offered by street vendors or informal restaurants-- fulfilled this need. "Judgmental Italian authors frequently called their consuming routines 'disgusting,'" Helstosky noted. These early pizzas taken in by Naples' poor featured the delicious garnishes cherished today, such as tomatoes, cheese, oil, anchovies and garlic.
Italy combined in 1861, and King Umberto I and Queen Margherita checked out Naples in 1889. Legend has it that the taking a trip pair became tired with their constant diet of French haute cuisine and requested a variety of pizzas from the city's Pizzeria Brandi, the successor to Da Pietro pizzeria, founded in 1760. The variety the queen delighted in most was called pizza mozzarella, a pie topped with the soft white cheese, red tomatoes and green basil. (Perhaps it was no coincidence that her preferred pie included the colors of the Italian flag.) From then on, the story goes, that particular topping mix was called pizza Margherita.
Queen Margherita's true blessing might have been the start of an Italy-wide pizza fad. After all, flatbreads with toppings weren't unique to the lazzaroni or their time-- they were taken in, for example, by the ancient Egyptians, Romans and Greeks. (The latter consumed a variation with herbs and oil, comparable to today's focaccia.) And yet, until the 1940s, pizza would remain unknown in Italy beyond Naples' borders.
An ocean away, however, immigrants to the United States from Naples were reproducing their dependable, crusty pizzas in New York and other American cities, including Trenton, New Haven, Boston, Chicago and St. Louis. The Neapolitans were coming for factory jobs, as did millions of Europeans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; they weren't looking for to make a cooking statement. But relatively quickly, the tastes and fragrances of pizza started to intrigue non-Neapolitans and non-Italians.
The first documented United States pizzeria was G. (for Gennaro) Lombardi's on Spring Street in Manhattan, certified to sell pizza in 1905. (Prior to that, the dish was homemade or purveyed by unlicensed vendors.) Lombardi's, still in operation today though no longer at its 1905 location, "has the same oven as it did originally," noted food critic John Mariani, author of "How Italian Food Conquered the World."
Debates over the finest slice in town can be heated, as any pizza fan knows. Mariani credited three East Coast pizzerias with continuing to churn out pies in the century-old custom: Totonno's (Coney Island, Brooklyn, opened 1924); Mario's (Arthur Avenue, the Bronx, opened 1919); and Pepe's (New Haven, opened 1925).
As Italian-Americans, and their food, moved from city to residential area, east to west, specifically after World War II, pizza's appeal in the United States expanded. No longer viewed as an "ethnic" reward, it was significantly recognized as a quick, enjoyable food. Regional, distinctly non-Neapolitan variations emerged, eventually including California-gourmet pizzas topped with anything from barbecued chicken to smoked salmon.
Postwar pizza finally reached Italy and beyond. "Like blue jeans and rock and roll, the rest of the world, including the Italians, picked up on pizza even if it was American," described Mariani. Showing regional tastes, garnishes can run the range from Gouda cheese in Curaçao to hardboiled eggs in Brazil. Yet worldwide read more outposts of American chains like Domino's and Pizza Hut also flourish in about 60 different countries. Helstosky believes one of the quirkiest American pizza variations is the Rocky Mountain pie, baked with a supersized, doughy crust to save for last. "Then you dip it in honey and have it for dessert," she said.
About Fireaway Pizza
We create the most brilliant pizza in London and the South East with amazing freshly sourced toppings, freshly kneaded pizza base and an original four hundred degrees celsius oven that does your pizza to the very best standard in only one hundred and eighty seconds! https://Fireaway.co.uk read more have been sharing our authentic recipes from Italty passed down from our Nonna so our food is simply delicious, these amazing traditional tastes originate from the Amalfi Coast and are available in the capital city and in the South East of the UK in areas like Sutton and Margate. So, it’s really an amazing eating out experience; freshly produced pizza dough and fresh ingredients like mozzarella, salami and more than twenty vegetables like onions and jalapenos, all baked in an amazing 400 degree kiln in just 3 minutes so beautifully cooked and on your plate in a tiny matter of minutes! Then after eating your food you can have some delicious deserts which include delicious sweet pizza pudding and also other favourites like Oreo milkshake, so we have all you would like for an incredible authentic culinary experience.